Originally published in The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants
Citation: Rätsch C. Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants. Park Street Press. 2005. pg. 742.
In Peru, the name cimora or timora is given to a psychoactive drink used for shamanic purposes. This drink consists primarily of Iresine species (Iresine celosia L., and others; see Iresine spp.), Brugmansia species, or a mixture of the following plants (Ott 1993, 409; Schultes and Farnsworth 1982, 159; Schultes 1966, 302):
Trichocereus pachanoi Br. Et R.
Neoraimondia arequipensis (Meyen) Backeb.
[syn. Neoraimondia macrorostibas (K. Schum.) Br. Et R., Neoraimondia
roseiflora (Werderm. Et Bckbg.) Bckbg., Pilocereus macrorobistibas K. Schum.]
Hippobroma longiflora (L.) G. Don
[syn. Isotoma longiflora Ducke or (L.) Presl, Laurentia longiflora (L.) Peterm.,
Lobelia longiflora L.]
Pedilanthus tithymaloides (L.) Poit.
[syn. Pedilanthus carinatus Spreng.]
Iresine does not appear to contain any alkaloids and presumably does not induce any psychoactive effects. In Peru, Euphorbia cotinifolia L., is known as timora (cf. Trichocereus pachanoi). Although a related euphorbia, Pedilanthus tithymaloides Poit. (cf. Pedilanthus spp.), is known in Peru by the folk name cimora misha, it does not appear to have any psychoactive effects (Müller-Ebling and Rätsch 1989, 32 f.)
In Peru, different cultivars of Brugmansia x candida as well as Brugmansia arborea are known by the name cimora, and it is these, along with Trichocereus pachanoi, that presumably represent the actual psychoactive components of the cimora drink. More precise recipes for preparing cimora or timora are lacking, as are precise pharmacological investigations of the purported blend.